Hooks Longhorn Ranch

What can you get with Butler Genetics?

90 Inches of Horn Tip-to-Tip

A Public Auction Price of $61,000

 Longest Horn Cow to Sale at Public Auction

Like a lot of the biggest horned cattle in our industry this beautiful cow traces back to Butler Genetics. Her pedigree is a least 34.375 % Butler.


Butler Genetics Do It Again!

With a pedigree containing at least 5/8 of proven "Butler Horn Producing Genetics" Bar H Appaloosa Anny not only captured a Horn Showcase Bronze but also TOPPED the Horn Showcase Sale at $42,000. Congratulation to Christopher Herron on the sale of this great female and to Joe & Lorinda Valentine on their purchase. If you want Horn then add some Butler to your breeding program by contacting a Butler Breeder today.


The Secret to Producing Horn

What do these 4 cows have in Common besides 80 plus inches of Horn?

Answer: Butler Genetics 


All four of these super long horned females trace back to at least 34.375% Butler breeding. The longest horned female in the breed, BL Rio Catchit (90.25"), traces back to no less than 46.875% Butler genetics. Some of the most respected Registered Texas Longhorn breeders of all time used Butler genetics as a key part of their programs. Johnny Hoffman, Betty Lamb, Blackie Graves, and JW Issacs are legendary breeders who are still recognized for their contributions to the Texas Longhorn cattle breed. Each one of them utilized Butler genetics extensively as they built their programs. I had the honor of showing cattle for Mr. Johnnie and he told me on several occasions....


"You take the Butler out of your herd and you'll take the horn out of your herd."
---Johnnie Hoffman


Today's breeding legends like Owen McGill and Bob Loomis have recognized the importance of Butler genetics, and have built elite herds resulting in some of the longest horned cattle in the history of our breed. The gentics from these herds are some of the most sought after genetics in the Longhorn industry
and they were built around Butler cattle. While straight Butler cattle won't necessarily have as long a tip-to-tip horn measurement as the cattle with blended pedigrees. After reviewing the pedigrees of the longest horned cattle in the breed it is pretty clear that Butler cattle are a major contributor to the hybrid vigor needed to produce Record Setting horn length when crossed with other bloodlines.


Take your herd the next level in horn production by following the examples of these great breeders by building your program around straight Butler Genetics. You will have the oppertunity to start that horn improvement process on August 31, 2013 at the Butler Breeders Invitational Sale in Lockhart, TX.


A Shrinking Longhorn Gene Pool



In the early days of the Texas Longhorn Breed registry and even before there was a breed registry (TLBAA) there was only a hand full of folks that were dedicated to preserving the Longhorn or at least their idea of the Longhorn. This in most cases was usually based on childhood memories. These individuals were located in different parts of the country but mostly Texas. These folks would gather together any cattle that they felt showed to be Longhorn or a strong Longhorn influence. They acquired these cattle by various means such as inherited from family, purchases at auction barns, slaughter houses and from individuals out in the country.


As time went by these small isolated herds of Longhorns would become the foundation for preserving the Longhorn breed. These herds would be referred to by their owners’ last names…Marks, Yates, Butler, Phillips, Peeler, and Wright. Because these herds were mainly closed to outside influence they became known as a straight Longhorn bloodline or straight family of Longhorn cattle because their ancestry could be traced back to only cattle from that herd or the cattle that made up the foundation of that herd.  They were not genetically closely related to any of the other herds. They are all Longhorns but exhibited slight variations from herd to herd in their phenotype and breeder selected traits. These variations were mainly based on that breeder’s particular preference for a particular look or trait. In the 1960’s the government sent out a group of inspectors to select cattle to establish a herd of Longhorns on the Wichita Wildlife Refuge in Oklahoma. This herd would take on the name of WR which is the brand they carried on their shoulder. The WR cattle would be added to the above list of foundation herds. Later on these seven herds would end up becoming known as the “Seven Families”. These herds would become the foundation of today’s modern day Longhorn herds. The term used to describe the cattle that trace back to only one of these herds throughout its pedigree was “Straight” and whatever the breeder or herd name. (Example: Straight Marks). CLICK For Complete Article


Suggested Beef Breed Improvement Program

A respected authority on the beef cattle industry in his home county of South Africa, Dr. Cas Marce gave a detailed presentation on functional efficiency at the 1985 TLBAA National Convention (a videotape of the seminar is available from the TLBAA). An associate of veteran Longhorn breeder Waller Scott, Maree has had the opportunity to study several Longhorn herds. Based on those observations, discussions with Longhorn breeders and his extensive experience with many cattle breeds, Dr. Maree has made the following report to TLBAA members.

By Dr. Cas Maree

Department of Livestock Science

University of Pretoria

The selection of cattle for functional efficiency is frequently not promoted by judging standards along traditional lines in terms of breed characteristics. All conformational features and subjective traits should at least represent some function or improve some biological feature of benefit to the animal(s) concerned. Otherwise, breed standards become meaningless and may indeed be disadvantageous to the breed.

Features under Column A determine functional attributes, while features under Column B determine the more traditional breed standards. There is fair overlapping, but it is essential that the promotion of any feature in Column B shall not in any way be detrimental to features (functions) under A.

A. Features related to functional efficiency

1) Fertility

2) Growth ability

3) Calving ease

4) Adaptability

5) Carcass quality

6) Physical fitness (freedom from all defects)

B. Features related to conformational standards

1) Breed/breed type

2) Color

3) Size

4) Muscling/carcass type

5) Head, neck, back and hindquarters

6) Legs and feet

7) Heritable defects

8) Trade marks

The following observations are relevant to the Texas Longhorn:


Requirements for a high level of herd fertility are the following:

In females-Early sexual maturity and conception, ease of calving, regular and easy reconception and a long, productive life span.

The Texas Longhorn has an excellent rating for female fertility.

In males-Early sexual maturity, well developed and normal conformation of testicles, good semen quality in addition to a high level of libido and total physical fitness are prerequisites for fertility in bulls.

Growth Ability in Females:

 In females, ease of birth, a strong and vigorous calf, and a good weaning index and early conception are the essential features of growth ability. There is a close interaction between growth ability and fertility and also adaptability.

Fertility is a sensitive and reliable indicator of growth ability. Poor doers will not conceive. Unadapted females will do poorly.

Many breeders concentrate on size in females, but fertility is what counts, not size. Females that do not breed regularly are big and fleshy. Selecting big females inevitably leads to the selection of sub fertile females.

Growth Ability in Male:

Growth parameters in beef bulls are the weaning index, post-weaning growth (ADGADA) and 12-month, 18-month, mature weight, etc.

Again, it easily happens that the most growthy bulls are not highly fertile. That is why they grow tall and such bulls are inclined to be leggy and flat.

Fertility is a much higher priority in breed improvement (or economics) than growth ability. Body weight gain is directly related to selling price and beef yield. Therefore, a safe balance is to be maintained between fertility on the one hand and size (weight) on the other hand.

Selection for growth (weaning weight, adult weight, efficiency of gain) increases birth weight and adult size.

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